Detailed Guidance of Marigold Farming in India – Essential Information
Marigold has a very important place in flowers and is a widely used flower across the World. Its market demand is very high throughout the year because it is mainly used in social and religious events. From god’s prayer to decoration, this flower has a special role in these events. Additionally, it is also a medicinal plant used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and because of that, its demand is increasing considerably. Farmers can improve their income by increasing the brightness of the fields by cultivating flowers. Its botanical name is Tegetz and belongs to the Asteraceae family. Marigold, also known as Gul or Hazare flower in popular language.
This flower has easy adaptability to different climate and soil conditions. Marigold flowers or plants bloom for a considerably extended period and have attractive yellow-orange.
Do you know how to call marigold in other languages?
In various languages, marigold called with different names such as Genda (Hindi), Zandu (Marathi), Banthi Puvvu (Telugu), Camanti (Tamil), Jamanti (Malayalam), Chandu Hoovu (Kannada), Ganda (Bengali), Galagota (Gujarati), and Sayapatri (Nepali).
Benefits of Marigold Flowers
Many benefits are hidden in the marigold flowers, making them the most liked and used flowers globally. Have a look in the below section for the benefits of marigold flowers.
- It is a medicinal plant that is used as an antibiotic.
- Many antioxidants are found in its flower.
- Many elements are found in marigolds which help heal ulcers and wounds.
- The medicinal properties of marigold are also beneficial in diabetes, gonorrhoea and urinary disease.
- The medicinal properties of marigold are beneficial in diseases related to breathing such as eye disease, nose bleeding and ear pain.
- You can benefit from marigold even if you cough, rupture of skin and hands and feet.
- Marigold flowers are also an excellent beauty product.
Popular Varieties of Marigold
The beautiful flower of marigold offers many varieties which have their own quality, beauty, and benefit. In the below, we show the popular 4-varieties of marigold, look at the downside.
- African Marigold (Tagetes Erecta)
The first variety of marigold is the African marigold which is also popularly known as Tagetes Erecta. This flower is vigorous, tall-growing (up to 90 cm) plants erect and branched. It has large rounded flowers, measuring up to 15 cm or more. Flowers available in shades of lemon yellow, bright yellow, golden yellow, orange, and nearest to white. There are two subtypes including Carnation and Chrysanthemum.
- French Marigold (Tagetes Patula)
The second variety of marigold is the French marigold, also called Tagetes Patula. This type of marigold flower is available in a compact size. 30-35 cm tall and blooms in singles and doubles. It is available in a combination of deep scarlet, rusty reds, primrose, yellow, golden yellow, orange colours. The flowers are spotted, blotched and striped.
- Single Signet Marigold
The third variety is single signet marigold, which grows approximately 30-35 cm, also known as Tagetes Tenuifolia. It is available in orange, lemon or yellow.
- Hybrid Marigold
The fourth variety is hybrid marigold which is between African and French Marigolds. It is also known as red and gold hybrids. The plant is medium tall, almost 60 cm, with double flowers. The colour combination of the flowers is yellow-orange-red.
The other varieties are Susana Fleming, Butterscotch, Fireglow, Butter Ball, Red Brochard,, Rusty Red, Star of India, Fire Double etc. Simultaneously, two new castes named Pusa Norgi Marigold, Pusa Basanti Marigold have also been extracted by the Indian Agricultural Research.
Requirement of Marigold Farming
Soil, temperature, and climate are the major requirement for the good growth of any plant. Just like that, marigold requires a mild climate for luxurious growth and flowering. The growing period of mild climate (14.5° – 28.6°C) improves flowering while higher temperature (26.2° – 36.4°C) unfavourably affects flower production. As per the environmental conditions, marigold can be grown thrice in a year – summer, rainy, and winter. It requires
- Temperature – 25-35°C
- Rainfall – 100-150 cm
- Harvesting Temperature – 28-32°C
- Sowing Temperature – 25-35°C
Marigold suits all soil conditions and can be grown successfully on a wide range of soil. But it grows better on a deep, fertile, friable soil with a good water holding capacity. For this farming, the soil should be well-drained as it can’t handle waterlogged soil. Soil’s Ph range should be in the range of 6.5 – 7.5 because acidic and saline soil is not perfect for cultivation. French marigolds highly grow in light soil, whereas African marigolds best grow in rich manure soil. For marigold cultivation, fertile and sandy loam soil is ideal.
Land Preparation For Marigold Farming
For the land preparation of marigold farming, tractors and different farm machines are available. For this process, many tractors are available, such as Digitrac tractor, New Holland tractor, Sonalika tractor, and many more. Apart from in the tractor market, many brands are available that manufactured different machines for land preparation, such as ploughs and dozers, scrapers, ditchers, chisel ploughs, subsoilers, terraces, levellers etc.
As discussed above, many tractors are used for marigold farming, but the Digitrac tractor has been widely used and suitable for marigold farming. This tractor has all the advanced features, making it ideal for marigold flower farming.
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