Breast pain, lumps, discharge, or skin problems can be a sign of something more serious or a minor problem, so it’s important to pay attention to any breast changes. Most breast problems are not caused by breast cancer but it is important to get concerns checked by a doctor. Breast lumps can be caused by injuries, infections, non-cancerous growths, and cancer. Breast lumps in women can develop at any age. Adolescent girls can get breast lumps that feel tender, which mainly go away naturally during puberty. If you’re feeling any problem in your breast then You should refer to a breast specialist and you may need some tests such as an ultrasound and mammogram scan to find out the main cause.
The main symptoms of breast problems include:
- Feeling fullness or a Pain in the breast, which is not related to premenstrual swelling
- Pain is accompanied by warmth and redness or even discharge from the nipple which may be an infection.
- A lump that feels unattached and movable to the chest wall.
- A lump that is not movable, hard, perhaps with dimpling or puckering of the breast, with or without pain; this may be a sign of breast cancer.
There are many causes of breast lumps, the most common causes are:
- Tenderness and normal swelling during the menstrual cycle: Your breasts may change throughout your menstrual cycle each month because of the changes in hormones. Usually, this is most obvious in the week before your period of time. It heals when your period starts.
- Breast cysts: it is a fluid-filled lump. They are usually round or oval lumps that are firm and smooth. They are more common in women approaching menopause, although they can occur at any age.
- Fibroadenoma: it is a non-cancerous and most common type of benign breast lump. This may occur as a result of the excess growth of the connective tissue and glands in the breasts. They usually feel like a firm, round, and rubbery lumps. Usually, when they are pressed, they move slightly under the skin.
- Infection: A lump which is caused by infection is most common in women who are breastfeeding. This may lead to the development of a collection of abscess in the breast. The ducts that carry the milk in the breast can become blocked. Bacteria can enter into the breast through cracks in the nipple. It can also occur in women who are not breastfeeding but most happen with the breastfeeders.
- Lipoma: it is a fatty growth that develops within the fatty tissue of a woman’s breast. It is non-cancerous and mainly does not need any kind of treatment. However, if it is large or causing any symptoms it can be removed.
- Fat necrosis: trauma or injury to the fatty tissue in a woman’s breast can cause a lump. These may usually heal and go away of their own accord. However, they can be removed.
- Breast cancer: most of the breast lumps are not caused by breast cancer. However, it can be a cause of lumps in the breasts and can be treated, but it requires urgent treatment.
If you found any kind of problem in your breast, first concern your doctor and have a checkup. Do not take any risk with your body.